Thursday, March 12, 2020
Being a Body Piercer essays Body piercing is the art of putting holes in the body so that jewelry can be place in the holes. Body piercers do not make that much money. They are not paid by the hour; most piercers make about half of the money the piercing cost. Usually during the week it is slow and not many people want to get pierced. Business picks up on the weekends. After the tragic events of September 11, 2001, business has been significantly slow because people do not want to spend money because they think the economy is going to crash, making it hard for body piercers to make very much money right now. On October 22, 2001 I went and saw body piercing live and up close. When I first got there it was slow with no customers and pretty much remained the same way for the remainder of the day. I met the piercer and he taught me about basic sterilization techniques. First you must take the materials you use and soak them in a hospital disinfectant, after the materials have been soaking for a while u then scrub them thoroughly making sure there are no germs of any kind in them. After they have been scrubbed and rinsed you must put them in a sterile pouch and seal them until use. If any materials came in contact with blood u must do the same process except do it for longer because u do not want to transmit any diseases that the person whos blood was on the material might of had. Needles used in piercing must be disposed of in a hazardous waste box. Every material used in piercing must be completely sterile to prevent spread of disease and germs. As the evening progressed a girl came in and wanted to get the holes in her ear stretched out from a 16 gauge to an 8 gauge. The smaller the gauge the larger the hole. When trying to fit the 8 gauge taper into the 16 gauge hole the pain was too much for the girl so she backed out. The piercer I shadowed had 25 piercings including Ã ¾ inch holes in his ears, other ear piercings, the septum wh...
Monday, February 24, 2020
Discussion questions - Essay Example 2007). The above data sources act as indicators of financial outcome of a project in hospital which is meant to improve the services of patients and in the long run increase their financial benefits to continue improving the hospital and even expand their services. These records in various sections of the hospital will serve as an indicator of the financial outcome essential for evaluation. The best evaluation design would be the pretest and posttest design with follow-up. This is because this evaluation design measures the project before it begins and at the end and this provides effective results that act as a baseline for comparison. The comparison is essential to indicate whether the project has achieved its set objectives or not and which objectives have not been achieved which is the basic essence of evaluation. The sampling strategy effective is the quota sampling. The hospital can be divided into quotas which depend on the services (like pharmacy, outpatient, and inpatient) and the evaluation can be carried out on each quota. This would also enable for comparison to be done on the (Melton et al. 2007). In order for an organization to compete successfully in the market, the quality of its goods and services must increase and this will require organizational structure of that organization to act. There may be more role allocation and role specificity in a bid to ensure that employees are producing their best in terms of goods or services production. In hospital for example, the nurses may be required to work in specific wards or handle specific cases to ensure increase in quality and standards of treatment and overall care for their patients (Borkowski 2005). Organizational structure of an organization is determined by the set goals and objectives of the organization. These same goals and objectives are centered on an increase in production of goods or services being offered in that organization. This therefore means that the two
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Key Ideas of Liberalism - Essay Example Political liberalism Liberalism supports constitutional democracy. Liberalism advocates for the protection of human and individual civil rights as well as their freedoms. Under political liberalism, every human being should be fairly and equally treated under the rule of law. Political liberalism seeks at preventing tyranny by supporting constitutional forms of democracy where power becomes vested upon individuals elected by people being governed (Hobhouse 2009, p.19). Liberalism advocates that representative democracy is the best form of government as there is balance between the rule and rights of minority. Liberalism ideally stipulates that power of government should be limited through decentralization. Liberalism vests the power of the government in the ability of people to choose their leaders through free and fair voting systems. Through constitutional democracy, liberalists postulate that the rule of law should be limited. People should be able to govern themselves by voting in their preferred lea ders. The church and government should be separated and treated differently. Political liberalism advocates for competitive politics through multi-party politics (Hobhouse 2009, p.19). Individuals become allowed to freely choose political parties that represent their ideologies. GovernmentsÃ¢â¬â¢ sole aim becomes to protect the rights of its citizens by following a constitution designed by its citizens. The government should be distinguished from society according to political liberalism.... Trade should be designed to be free, fair and open within a state or between states. Liberalists argue that free, open and fair trade allow for economic expansion and promotes international peace. Economic liberalism also argues for economic freedom where individuals take part in economic forms they desire. Liberalists also stipulate that the state should provide equal economic opportunity for all. All human beings should be provided with economic freedom such as to trade. Social liberalism Social liberalism concerns itself with protection and expansion of human rights as well as civil liberty (Hobhouse 2009, p.14). Liberalism stipulates that governments should protect the rights of its individuals. Liberalist ideals argue for human rights such as those to speech, religion and association. Human rights and freedom should be accorded to everyone without the use of force. The freedom of speech allows for individuals to express their ideas freely without force or violence. Freedom of re ligion states that an individual has the freedom to worship whoever he or she desires. Under liberalism, individuals have the right to assembly or association. This allows for individuals to gather and associate with whoever they please. Social liberalism advocates for freedom and strength in a civil society. Social liberalism stipulates that individuals should be allowed their freedom unless it infringes on the rights of others under which they can become curtailed. Everybody is allowed the same equal rights not limited to their gender, race, ethnicity, religion, nationality or sexual orientation. Social liberalism ideals also allow for social inclusion and tolerance of different lifestyles unless they infringe on the rights of others.
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Action Potential Essay What opens first in response to a threshold stimulus? Voltage Gated (activation gates) Na+ channels open and Na+ diffuses in the cytoplasm What characterizes depolarization, 1st phase of action potential? Membrane changes from a negative value to a positive value What characterizes repolarization, 2nd phase of action potential? Once the membrane depolarizes to a peak value of 30+, it repolarizes to to its negative resting value of -70 What event triggers the generation of an action potential? The membrane potential must depolarize from the resting voltage of -70 mV to a threshold value of -55 mV. ( This is the minimum value required to open enough voltage-gated Na+ channels so that depolarization is irreversible.) What is the first change to occur in response to a threshold stimulus? Voltage-gated Na+ channels change shape, and their activation gates open Resting State All gated Na+ and K+ channels are closed Step 2 Depolarization; Na+ Channels Open During the depolarization phase of the action potential, open Na+ channels allow Na+ ions to diffuse into the cell. This inward movement of positive charge makes the membrane potential more positive (less negative). The depolarization phase is a positive feedback cycle where open Na+ channels cause depolarization, which in turn causes more voltage-gated Na+ channels to open. Step 3 Repolarization; Na+ channels are inactivating and K+ Channels Open Step 4 Hyperpolarization; Some K+ channels remain open and Na+ channels reset How many gates/states do voltage gated Na+ channels have? two gates and three states Closed Na+ at the resting state, no Na+ enters the cell through them Opened Na+ opened by depolariztion, allowing Na+ to enter the cell Inactivated channels automatically blocked by inactivation gates soon after they open How many gates/states do voltage gated K+ channels have? one gate, two states Closed K+ at the resting state, no K+ leaves Opened K+ at depolarization, after delay, allowing K+ to leave Why is an action potential self-generating? depolarizing currents established by the influx of Na+ flow down the axon and trigger an action potential at the next segment The Na+ diffusing into the axon during the first phase of the action potential creates a depolarizing current that brings the next segment, or node, of the axon to threshold. Why does regeneration of the action potential occur in one direction, rather than in two directions? The inactivation gates of voltage-gated Na+ channels close in the node, or segment, that has just fired an action potential At the peak of the depolarization phase of the action potential, the inactivation gates close. Thus, the voltage-gated Na+ channels become absolutely refractory to another depolarizing stimulus. What changes occur to voltage-gated Na+ and K+ channels at the peak of depolarization? Inactivation gates of voltage-gated Na+ channels close, while activation gates of voltage-gated K+ channels open Closing of voltage-gated channels is time dependent. Typically, the inactivation gates of voltage-gated Na+ channels close about a millisecond after the activation gates open. At the same time, the activation gates of voltage-gated K+ channels open. What marks the end of the depolarization phase? As voltage-gated Na+ channels begin to inactivate, the membrane potential stops becoming more positive This marks the end of the depolarization phase of the action potential. Then, as voltage-gated K+ channels open, K+ ions rush out of the neuron, following their electrochemical gradient. This exit of positively-charged ions causes the interior of the cell to become more negative, repolarizing the membrane. The repolarization phase of the action potential, where voltage becomes more negative after the +30mV peak, is caused primarily by __________. The opening of voltage-gated K+ channels allows K+ ions to exit the cell, repolarizing the membrane. In other words, the exit of K+ ions makes the membrane potential more negative. K+ also exits through leakage channels during this phase because leakage channels are always active. However, most of the membrane permeability to K+ during this phase is due to voltage-gated channels. Voltage-gated K+ channels make the action potential more brief than it would otherwise be if only leakage channels were available to repolarize the membrane. During an action potential, hyperpolarization beyond (more negative to) the resting membrane potential is primarily due to __________. The large number of voltage-gated K+ channels opening during the repolarization phase quickly makes the membrane potential more negative as positively-charged K+ ions leave the cell. K+ ions continue to leave through open channels as the membrane potential passes (becomes more negative than) the resting potential. This hyperpolarization phase of the action potential is therefore due to K+ ions diffusing through voltage-gated K+ channels. The membrane potential remains more negative than the resting potential until voltage-gated K+ channels close. This period of hyperpolarization is important in relieving voltage-gated Na+ channels from inactivation, readying them for another action potential. During the hyperpolarization phase of the action potential, when the membrane potential is more negative than the resting membrane potential, what happens to voltage-gated ion channels? Voltage-gated K+ channels are opened by depolarization. This means that as the membrane potential repolarizes and then hyperpolarizes, these K+ channels close. With the closing of voltage-gated K+ channels, the membrane potential returns to the resting membrane potential via leakage channel activity. Resetting voltage-gated Na+ channels to the closed (but not inactivated) state prepares them for the next action potential. During the hyperpolarization phase of the action potential, voltage eventually returns to the resting membrane potential. What processes are primarily responsible for this return to the resting membrane potential? Voltage-gated K+ channels close. K+ and Na+ diffuse through leakage channels.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Sexual Predators Childhood is supposed to be a time of discovery and play, not abuse. Was there ever such a world? Sexual predators have been lurking this planet for decades; now they're being marked for life because of there actions. Neighbors and the home towns of sexual predators are being alerted of their crimes and whereabouts by local police. Such towns have responded by putting up signs in their town, "CHILD MOLESTER TWO DOORS DOWN" (Popkin, pg 73). Others responded by burning or flooding their new neighbors out (Popkin). What did these convicted criminals do to deserve such punishment? They violated the most precious living creature on this planet, a child. Communities definitely have a right to know that a dangerous child molester is moving to their town. Child molesters have been convicted, charged and sentenced for their crimes for many years. Maybe people already have one as their next door neighbor. Do people really know the people they live by so well, that they would leave their own child with them? Also, if they had a legal right to, would they check out their neighbor's history at the police office, or trust them? In the summer of 1994, seven-year-old Megan Kanka was kidnapped, raped, then killed by convicted child molester Jesse Timmendequas. Her story started many parents to question the safety of their own children. The outraged community was never informed that Timmendequas and two other convicted child abusers had moved in across the street from Megan (Megan Kanka). Megan's death lit her parents' fires to do something about notifying communities of convicted child molesters. They began to lobby for "Megan's Law", a law that would require immediate community notification of convicted child abusers, who were living in their area (Popkin). Some critics contend that the law is unconstitutional because it adds additional punishment to offenders (Megan's Unfinished Legacy). Other critics say that it would drive predators into hiding and away from seeking counsel. Child molester Scott Murphy said, "Without counseling, you're the same person when you go to jail as when you get out"(Popkin, pg.73). Before the passing of the law, a group of offenders appealed the judges' ruling that the notification was unconstitutional because it's intended to protect children, not further punish criminals (Megan's Unfinished Legacy). The law was passed. The biggest problem that police officers face is determining which released sex offenders are the most dangerous.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Hamlet comes across as both a hero and a villain throughout Ã¢â¬ËHamletÃ¢â¬â¢ at different intervals. His loyalty, morality, honesty and popularity are certainly heroic traits however one canÃ¢â¬â¢t deny his villainous ways in his dealings with Ophelia, his killing of Polonius and most importantly his delaying of killing Claudius. Hamlet is full of faults yet full of honourable intentions. His negative qualities are slim compared to his heroic qualities therefore I believe Hamlet to be a hero, a Ã¢â¬Å"prince among menÃ¢â¬ . When we first meet Hamlet, he is dressed all in black and conveys all the Ã¢â¬Å"moods, forms and shapes of griefÃ¢â¬ .This depression is caused by his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s recent death. Gertrude, his mother and Claudius, his uncle have noticed however HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s melancholy is much more intense than he is letting on Ã¢â¬Å"too too sullied flesh would meltÃ¢â¬ . HeÃ¢â¬â¢s unable to forget his father even when all those around him have resumed their m erry lives. Ã¢â¬Å"I shall not look upon his like againÃ¢â¬ . This demonstrates the loyal side of the prince. His grief is further intensified by the cold-hearted actions of his mother. Gertrude married her brother in law, Claudius Ã¢â¬Å"within a monthÃ¢â¬ of her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s death.Hamlet is unable to understand her disloyalty Ã¢â¬Å"a beast that wants discourse of reason would have mourned longerÃ¢â¬ . He believes he is living in a society with no standards and so becomes disillusioned with life Ã¢â¬Å"how weary, stale flat and unprofitable seem to me all the uses of this worldÃ¢â¬ . His loyalty is certainly a heroic trait. The anger he felt towards his mother had a very a negative effect on a Hamlet. He began to feel anger at women as a whole which leads me to his villainous dealings with Ophelia. Hamlet feels neglected when Ophelia as ordered by her father, Polonius repels his letters.He condemns all women with the criticism of moral fickleness Ã¢â¬Å"fraility thy n ame is womanÃ¢â¬ . He hates Ophelia one moment and longs to engage in sexual intimacy with her the next. Ã¢â¬Å"Lie between maidsÃ¢â¬â¢ legsÃ¢â¬ . He mistreats her with heartless and demeaning behaviour. In the nunnery scene he denies he ever loved her and tells her Ã¢â¬Å"get thee to a nunneryÃ¢â¬ . His inconsistent treating of Ophelia eventually drives her to insanity. The actual recognition of his love for Ophelia can only come when Hamlet realizes that she is dead, and free from her tainted womanly trappings Ã¢â¬Å"I lovÃ¢â¬â¢d OpheliaÃ¢â¬ .This is without doubt one of the most villainous qualities of Hamlet. His cruel treating of Ophelia however can also be seen as a heroic trait. He is honest about his feelings towards her. He is honest throughout the whole play, which is rare in Ã¢â¬ËHamletÃ¢â¬â¢ as most of the characters live their lives through deception. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t once hide his hatred of Claudius Ã¢â¬Å"a little more than kin and less than kindÃ¢â¬ , he is also honest of his disliking of Polonius when he says his words have no substance Ã¢â¬Å"words words wordÃ¢â¬ .He eventually tells his mother how disgusted he is with her marriage Ã¢â¬Å"O shame, where is thy blush? Ã¢â¬ and admits he treated her with cruelty Ã¢â¬Å"I must be cruel only to be kindÃ¢â¬ . He is even honest about his own inaction as he Ã¢â¬Å"lets all sleepÃ¢â¬ . His honesty throughout the play is admirable and only further proves him to be a hero. He is without doubt a man of high morals which is an important feature of a hero. He agrees to avenge his father even though he almost crushed with the burden. Ã¢â¬Å"oh cursed spite that ever I was born to set it rightÃ¢â¬ .It is clear that he does not want to murder but accepts the task nonetheless Ã¢â¬Å"I have swornÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬ . He also apologises to Laertes for killing Polonius and asks for forgiveness. Ã¢â¬Å"give me your pardon, sir I have done you wrongÃ¢â¬ . His moral character is what I m ost admire about Hamlet. However HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s bravery for accepting the burden of revenge only heightens our awareness of his most negative quality, inaction. Faced with evidence that his uncle murdered his father, Hamlet becomes obsessed with proving his uncleÃ¢â¬â¢s guilt.He delays the moment of revenge for as long as he possibly can. He even passes up the perfect chance to kill Claudius in the courtyard when he is praying claiming if he kills him now he is only sending him to heaven. Ã¢â¬Å"this is hire and salary, not revengeÃ¢â¬ . Hamlet is aware of his inaction and is very self-critical of it. He admires the playerÃ¢â¬â¢s passion in the play and become annoyed at himself for being Ã¢â¬Å"unpregnant of my causeÃ¢â¬ . He is made further aware of his inaction when the young Fortinbras fights for land Ã¢â¬Å"that had nothing in but the nameÃ¢â¬ while he Ã¢â¬Å"lets all sleepÃ¢â¬ .His procrastination is his biggest fault and is his ultimate downfall in the play. Ina ction is certainly not a heroic characteristic. After Hamlet returns from England he is a changed man. He tells how Horatio how Ã¢â¬Å"thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a divinity that shapes our endsÃ¢â¬ . It is becoming clear that Hamlet now sees the role of avenger in a different light than he did earlier in the play. As a true hero he is conscious of the fact that he is acting as an agent of justice. This new attitude remains with Hamlet right through to the playÃ¢â¬â¢s conclusion.Claudius invites him to engage in a duel with Laertes and Hamlet freely embraces the challenge. Hamlet seems to be more self-confident about his own ability to take clear, effective action. We are given the picture of a noble and fine young man in the concluding scenes. He finally gets revenge on Claudius however is stabbed by Laertes by doing so. A true hero who sacrifices himself to bring justice and honesty back to the state of Denmark, even his enemy Fortinbras admits he would have Ã¢â¬Å"proved most royalÃ¢â¬ for the throne.Hamlet is a truly much loved prince who possesses a vast degree of human virtue and ability and whose death is not only tragic but extremely noble. His villainous qualities, however strong in the beginning, truly evaporate as the play concludes. An honest, loyal, brave and moral man, there is no doubt that Hamlet is a hero. IÃ¢â¬â¢d trust him to rule my country any time! A hero is defined in the oxford English dictionary as Ã¢â¬Å"a man, often of divine ancestry, who is endowed with great courage and strength, celebrated for his bold exploits. Ã¢â¬ You canÃ¢â¬â¢t deny itÃ¢â¬â¢s the perfect description of Hamlet!
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Additionally, about HumeÃ¢â¬â¢s paradox, Ã¢â¬Å"if we wish to ascertain the standard of taste, we should observe those people who are expert in adjusting themselves to the aesthetic situation and in bracketing intrusive circumstances when they respond to artworks,Ã¢â¬ (Carroll). Not every individual is knowledgeable in this manner, in fact, there are quite a few that are. Therefore, Hume later states Ã¢â¬Å"thus, through the principles of taste be universal, and, nearly, if not entirely the same in all men; yet few are qualified to give judgment on any work of art, or establish their own sentiment as the standard of beauty,Ã¢â¬ (Hume 109). If the critic allows bias to enter his or her consciousness while providing judgment, that individual is not qualified for the task. When critics use their personal feelings to discern one work of art from another, a standard of taste is established as well. These specific critics have distinguishable characteristics as follows: a Ã¢â¬Å"st rong sense, united to delicate sentiment, improved by practice, perfected by comparison, and cleared of all prejudice, can alone entitle critics to this valuable character; and the joint verdict of such, wherever they are to be found, is the true standard of taste and beauty,Ã¢â¬ (Hume 109). This idea follows the idea that beauty is a feeling rather than a descriptive term as well. Of the Standard of Taste provides the notion that the feeling of pleasure is based on praise. Hume uses his paradox to explore the feeling beauty capturesShow MoreRelatedDecision Theory: a Brief Introduction28334 Words Ã |Ã 114 Pagesdecision-making.........................................19 3.6 Numerical representation .............................................................20 3.7 Using utilities in decision-making ...............................................21 4. The standard representation of individual decisions ................................23 4.1 Alternatives ........................ ..........................................................23 4.2 Outcomes and states of nature ...................................Read MoreCleanth Brookss Essay Irony as a Principle of Structure9125 Words Ã |Ã 37 Pagesquite haphazardly. Its concentration on the epic and dramatic forms also seems somewhat irrelevant to the contemporary Roman literary scene of his day. However, the lively autobiographical approach of the Ã¢â¬Å"Ars PoeticaÃ¢â¬ and its expression of personal standards in literature make it unique as a work of criticism in the ancient world.A few quotes in particular from the work have passed into common literary parlance, including: Ã¢â¬Å"in medias resÃ¢â¬ (literally, Ã¢â¬Å"in the middle of thingsÃ¢â¬ , describing a popular narrativeRead MoreOrganisational Behavioure23151 Words Ã |Ã 93 PagesROBBMC08.QXD.0132431521 12/15/05 12:25 PM Page 258 Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them. Ã¢â¬â David Hume Emotions and Moods After reading this chapter, you should be able to: 1 Differentiate emotions from moods. 5 2 Discuss the different aspects of emotions. Discuss the impact emotional labor has on employees. 6 Identify the sources of emotions and moods. DiscussRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pagesand permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturers